Caravan Self Containment
Self-containment for European Caravans explained
We have sooooo many people asking how to do the self containment plumbing work on a caravan, our staff are all trained to do this work. Like most jobs it is fairly easy once you know what you supposed to do.
If you have absolutely no idea about plumbing to busy or you're are not very handy, then get some help or just book it in with us and we will sort it out for you.
There are 5 questions you should ask yourself before you decide to do it yourself, I have listed the questions below.
- What components will I need?
- How should I connect the pipes and avoid any waste water from my sink and vanity ending up in my shower rather than the portable tank?
- How can I ensure that the water will drain properly at all times?
- Who will inspect my workmanship and sign it off for me?
- What are the regulations and where do I find them?
In this blog we will explain what to do by answering each question in turn
What components will I need?
The number one rule for efficiency is to buy a kit that contains everything you might need to complete the job, in the end you might have one or two bits left over, but that is a lot more efficient than driving round town trying to match different components from various suppliers to make up something that is not going to leak and will eventually pass.
We have been doing this since the regulations were first introduced, about a decade ago. If I had a dollar for every customer who started off thinking it's going to be childsplay, and then wishing they had not started, I would be doing very well. Sometimes they will visit our warehouse 5 or 6 times because they need some extra components that they have forgotten or they tell us they were not aware they needed to do something to complete the job. After going to and fro between us and the certifier trying to get it signed off they will often have spent a couple of days, I have written this blog to make the process easier and simpler for you, us and the certifier.
We supply kits that contain all you need, see the links in the paragraph below:
Let's start with the caravan plumbing first. Unfortunately non of the waste plumbing fitted to European caravans conform to NZ regulations. European Caravans mostly have 2 waste water outlets with flaps that come out one of the side just under the skirt, the plumbing consists of 28mm grey or black pipe, with simple push fit couplings which are reusable. The main reasons the caravans fail is because the sinks and shower tray have no waste traps and the waste outlet should have a single shut off valve that can connect to a portable waste tank outside.
So the first thing to do is to buy a kit containing all the components required to alter the existing plumbing of your caravan. You will be able to reuse some of the existing fittings on your caravan The kit we supply is a collection of parts that should supplement your existing plumbing in order to meet NZ regulations. See the image below and the link to buy the Caravan self-containment kit
We will go into more detail of how the work is done later under the third heading. (How can I ensure that the water will drain properly at all times?)
Once you have the parts to convert your Caravan plumbing, you swill need a tank that connects straight to the caravan that you are converting,
Purchase the caravan Self containment tank
If you already have a tank that looks similar to the one above, you have Two options.
- You can convert your existing tank yourself using the following kit: Purchase the tank conversion kit.
- Or you can adapt your existing tank so that it connects to our tank and doubles up your waste water capacity, which increases the self containment capacity of your caravan and makes it suitable for a larger amount of occupants.
How can I avoid greasy wastewater from my sink or vanity ending up in my shower tray rather than the waste tank?
Traps should be as close to the source as possible, and no more than one meter away from the sink or tray outlet. If the distance from the discharge point (stop valve) to the sink or tray is more than 3 meters then the regulations specify that you will need a vent on that waste line as an air intake point. Based on our experience it is always best to vent the vanity and the kitchen sink anyway to improve the flow of the waste water. Therefore we provide 2 special combined waste outlet and trap units that allow you to vent the traps on the sink and vanity to the outside using the 28mm waste pipe, (see image) below. Purchase traps on their own
We recommended you replace your existing waste outlet with one of our vented waste outlet traps, You should run the vent pipe up as high as possible, but not above the level of the top of the sink or vanity. Vent it to the outside through the floor of the caravan below the vanity or kitchen cabinet. Be sure you don't vent the waste too close to any other vents coming back into the caravan. Using this type of trap will give you maximum waste-water flow as long as the rest of your plumbing is done correctly.
The waste water outlet on the caravan must come out the side of the caravan and should have enough head to flow into the portable waste water tank, that is why the waste water tanks a made low and flat, Our kits include a 25mm ball valve with Camlock fittings which you mount as close as possible to the wheels. This is important because if the valve is mounted on the extremities of the caravan, the water needs to travel further and it is more likely that the valve will be damaged when the caravan is in transit, as it swings past obstacles. Also, you do not want the waste water coming out on the awning side of the caravan, else you will be tripping over the tank all the time
Once you have located the point of discharge you can start to alter your plumbing under the caravan, Start with the shower tray and fit the standard trap without the waste inlet to the shower tray. Run the shower pipe as tight as possible to the underside of the floor toward the ball valve. Then run your vanity and kitchen sink plumbing separately towards the same ball valve, These two pipe lines must be mounted on blocks at about 50-60mm lower than the shower outlet pipe to prevent back feed and prevent the water from the higher level sink and vanity ending up in the lower level shower tray.
The 28mm Y connections included in the kit is very useful here to direct the flow of water away from the shower tray and out to the discharge point and valve. Try to keep the Y junction distances as far away from the shower tray as possible.
Who will inspect my workmanship and sign it off for me?
All self-containment requires a sign off. Below are number of organisations who can put you in contact with a self-containment officer and will process your paperwork and deal with the admin.
- The NZMCA is the original organisation behind the implementation of self-containment and it's policies. Their members mostly own large motorhomes and caravans, they do not particularly cater for the smaller vehicles without a separate toilet and shower compartment. Becoming a member of the NZMCA will give you access to their resources and they arrange member discounts for ferries campsites and insurance
- All Points Camping caters for people with smaller vehicles without dedicated shower and toilet facilities. They work hard to find sensible ways to meet self containment regulations with vehicles that are not considered high end, big value vehicles.
- Vantage RV has it's own self containment certifiers and we can inspect vehicles and process the paperwork through either the NZMCA or All Points Camping. We charge an inspection fee and if any additional work needs doing to obtain the certificate we will charge an hourly rate to get it signed off.
What are the self-containment regulations and where do I find them?
The regulations are well documented and in this paragraph you will find links to solutions and to other sites that outline the regulations exactly. Here is a summary of the most important aspects of the regulations.
- Traps must be within 1 meter of the waste source
- If the waste pipe line is more that 3 meter long it must have a breather
- Usually there are no problems with the cassette toilets in modern European caravans, so don't stress about the toilet
- The fresh water tanks should have enough capacity to provide 4 L per person for 3 days, for example 24 litres is required for 2 people for 3 days. The minimum size of the fresh water tank should be no less than 20 liters. We have 40 liter portable fresh water tanks available
- The waste water tank should be the same size or slightly bigger than the fresh water tank, if the waste tank is smaller or equal to the fresh water tank then you will need a tank level indicator on your waste tank showing when it is getting full. See waste tanks
- What are the regulations See link
This blog provides guidance. It is not designed to provide definitive instructions for specific vehicles or to interpret the rules and regulations. If you are unsure, you should seek professional help.